What is PCOD/ Causes
PCOS has a familial tendency, so the chance of developing it is higher if other women in the family have PCOS, irregular periods, or diabetes.
Ovaries are the female reproductive organs which secrete hormones and releases eggs for possible fertilization. In normal condition, the ovaries secrete female sex hormones and a tiny amount of male sex hormones which helps to regulate the normal development of eggs in the ovaries during each menstrual cycle.
In Polycystic ovarian syndrome this balance is lost and the ovaries start secreting male hormones more than normal. This imbalance leads to stoppage of ovulation. This imbalane is also responsible for other symptoms like acne and extra facial or body hairs.
In normal conditions the eggs are situated in sacs called as follicles within the ovaries. During each menstrual cycle one or more eggs are released from these sacs for possible fertilisation and it is called as ovulation.
In pcos, the process of egg maturity is retarded and follicles do not mature, hence do not release from the ovaries. They form very small cysts in the ovaries.